PHOTOS: Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Day, 2014

by Columbia Surgery on November 24, 2014

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Pancreatic Cancer: Risk Factors (Other Than Family History)

by Columbia Surgery on November 20, 2014

There is still a great deal that we do not understand about the cause and effect of risk factors and the development of pancreatic cancer.

It is important to remember that pancreatic cancer may also be due to a unique combination of environmental and inherited factors.  Currently, the role of pancreatic screening for moderate-risk patients, such as patients with diabetes mellitus, obesity, or smokers, is less clear and warrants further studies to justify screening for these patients.

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▪   Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for the development of pancreatic cancer. Between 20-30% of pancreatic cancer cases are thought to be attributable to smoking. Smokers seem to have a dose-dependent risk but if someone has quit smoking for at least 10 years, the rate of pancreatic cancer may recede to that of individuals who have never smoked. In patients with a family history of pancreatic cancer, smoking increases the risk of developing pancreatic cancer and may cause the pancreatic cancer to develop earlier. Secondhand smoke is not thought to be associated with a higher risk.

▪   Diabetes mellitus (type II) has been shown to be associated with a two-fold higher risk for pancreatic cancer. However, the causality between diabetes and pancreatic cancer is still controversial. There is evidence on both sides for one causing the other: diabetes mellitus predisposes a patient to pancreatic cancer; and pancreatic cancer itself has been associated with glucose intolerance and diabetes. Screening for pancreatic cancer may be considered in a patient newly diagnosed with diabetes who is thin, has no other risk factors for diabetes, and has a family history of pancreatic cancer.

▪   Chronic pancreatitis is associated with a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer.

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▪   Obesity may be associated with a near two-fold higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer.

▪   Diet and its relationship to the development of pancreatic cancer has been conflicted. Certain published medical articles have linked diets rich in fat, with a high level of meat, and/or with processed meat and high soda beverage consumption to a higher rate of pancreatic cancer. Moderate intake of alcohol appears relatively safe, but in recent studies the excessive and prolonged drinking of alcohol has been linked to an increased likelihood of pancreatic cancer.

Continued research efforts are needed to identify patients with nonhereditary risk factors who would benefit from screening for pancreatic cancer.

For individuals from families at high risk of pancreatic cancer, interested patients may wish to participate in family cancer registries or ongoing research studies aimed at identifying genetic factors and new screening methods. Please visit the Muzzi Mirza Pancreatic Cancer Prevention and Genetics Program to learn more about the clinical trials and research studies.

 

Fay Kastrinos, MD
Fay Kastrinos, MD (Profile)

Dr. Fay Kastrinos, director of the Muzzi Mirza Pancreatic Cancer Prevention and Genetics Program, recently asked readers to send her questions about the role of genetics and family history in pancreatic cancer. What follows is the last in a three-part series of the most popular questions with Dr. Kastrinos’ answers.

 

 

 

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Interview with Dr. Frank Gress, Clinical Chief, Division of Digestive Diseases NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.

November 13, 2014

Tweet Q: What is your role at the Pancreas Center? FG: I am an interventional Gastroenterologist. I work closely with the Pancreas Center team. I perform ERCP and Endoscopic procedures that assist with the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic diseases. Q: Why should I come to the Pancreas Center over other centers? FG: Our center […]

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Pancreatic Cancer: Family History and Genetics

November 10, 2014

Tweet Fay Kastrinos, MD Dr. Fay Kastrinos, Director of the Muzzi Mirza Pancreatic Cancer Prevention and Genetics Program, recently asked readers to send her questions about the role of genetics and family history in pancreatic cancer.   What are the main causes of developing pancreatic cancer? What is the average person’s risk of developing pancreatic […]

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Diagnosing Pancreatic Cancer Earlier

November 7, 2014

Tweet The following interview was conducted with Dr. John A. Chabot, Chief, Division of GI & Endocrine Surgery, Director, Pancreas Center. There are situations where a pancreatic specialist might be able to diagnose people much earlier than they are currently diagnosed. One thing we know, for example, that is missed frequently is new onset diabetes […]

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Advances in Treating Pancreatitis: Autologous Islet Cell Transplantation

November 6, 2014

Tweet NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia is the first center in the New York metropolitan area to offer autologous islet cell transplantation. Patients who need a total pancreatectomy for chronic pancreatitis or other benign diseases may be eligible for this procedure to prevent type 1 diabetes. Every year, about 87,000 people in the U.S. receive surgical treatment for pancreatitis. […]

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Help Take Pain Out of Pancreatitis with your Diet

November 5, 2014

Tweet Written by Deborah Gerszberg, RD, CNSC, CDN
 Clinical Nutritionist, The Pancreas Center “What can I eat?” This is a popular question asked by those suffering from chronic pancreatitis or who have experienced acute pancreatitis and would like to do everything in their power to prevent another attack. First, let’s make sure everyone understands what […]

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8 FOODS TO FEED THE HEALTHY BACTERIA IN YOUR GUT

October 1, 2014

Tweet The supposed benefits of probiotic bacteria in the gut are numerous; from decreasing the incidence of diarrhea,  to replenishing the digestive system’s micro-biome after a heavy treatment of antibiotics to cure an illness. And though there isn’t a definitive consensus amongst medical practitioners that these benefits are scientifically proven, there is agreement on what […]

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5 WAYS TO PREPARE YOUR CHILD’S HEART FOR COLLEGE

September 15, 2014

Tweet   September marks the beginning of a new school year and for many students and parents, the start of their college journey.  You’re preparing your child for college by buying them new polka dotted sheets for that extra long dorm bed and textbooks, which you pray they’ll open, but are you preparing your child […]

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Internationally Renowned Heart Surgeon Dr. Michael Borger Joins NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center

September 4, 2014

Tweet We are excited that Michael Borger, MD, PhD, has been appointed to the faculty of the Department of Surgery at Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, and director of the department’s Aortic Program and Cardiovascular Institute! Here’s the CUMC/NYPH Press Release: Internationally Renowned Heart Surgeon Dr. Michael Borger Joins NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center […]

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